WHO, 1997. Healthy Cities Indicators: Analysis of Data from Cities Across Europe.
ICLEI, 2000. Measuring Progress, Cities 21: Pilot Project Final Report.
To abolish poverty and to have no households living under the poverty line.
Targets, benchmarks, reference values
References to examples of application
Households below the poverty line in Johannesburg, South Africa: http://www.csoe.co.za/csoe/navpoverty.htm.
Other comments / background
During 1990-94, the level of urban poverty fell from 33 to 24 per cent in Chile, and from 12 to 6 per cent in Uruguay. Progress in this area was achieved through general socio-economic development, poverty alleviation and eradication programmes and special support measures to disadvantaged groups. Reduced poverty is also a guarantee to improved social integration and inclusion.